The beauty of living in Ohio is that we have major metropolitan cities and rural areas all within a short distance of each other. Some rural areas are far enough away that they cannot tap into the city’s sewer systems. Instead, septic systems are used to handle household waste and water. Installing a new septic system can be overwhelming for an already busy homeowner. It’s a time consuming project due to all the meticulous details, planning, and permits required. The installation process also requires hard physical labor and skill with large excavating equipment and machinery. Simply put, this undertaking is best left to the professionals.
With a phone call to Len’s Excavating & Landscape you’ll have a properly installed, long lasting, and efficient septic system in no time. From septic storage tank replacements to completely new septic system installations, Len’s Excavating is the contractor for the job. Reliable, experienced, and skilled –it’s no wonder Len’s has been diligently serving the surrounding Summit County, Ohio area for over 30 years!
The purpose of a septic system is to take the waste and water (whatever would normally go down the drain and to a sewer) from a home or other building and dispose of it. The waste and dirty water flow through pipes from the home to the septic tank. The materials and waste water collected are stored here where they naturally decompose due to the anaerobic bacterial environment within the tank. This decomposition of the material reduces the volume of what is held in the septic tank. The sludge that is left settles to the bottom of the tank. The septic storage tank will eventually need to be pumped out once enough mass has accumulated, but this could take a number of years, depending on the frequency of use. The waste water and smaller particles which rise to the top of the tank are expelled through pipes which take it to another site on the property away from the home. Many times this expulsion site is referred to as a drainfield, leachbed, or leachfield. It’s an area with sand, plants, gravel, and/or other natural filtration components where the water is diverted to. It’s here that the sludge free septic water is sent to be naturally filtered and absorbed by the ground, plants, and evaporation.
There are two main types of septic systems – gravity fed systems and alternative systems. The gravity fed septic systems, as the name might imply, use the force of gravity to discharge the water from the septic tank. There are no real mechanical components to this system, so precise measurements, leveling, and proper slope are imperative. The system is basically designed to flow downhill. The alternative systems use more mechanical means like pumps to get the same job done. It’s best to leave the installation and work of a septic system up to the professionals like Len’s Excavating & Landscape. Only experts like Len’s can determine what system is right for your property. Not only can we aid in the decision making and design, but we also negate the potential risk of polluting water sources and contaminating the environment around the septic system.
First of all, the site for installation must be checked to make sure that it is suitable and can support the septic system and its components. The size of the lot must be taken into consideration, as well as any obstacles, setbacks, or municipal or local building requirements and restrictions. Normally, a lot will need to be about ¾ of an acre to accommodate the septic system. The size of your lot can easily be obtained from a survey, county plat information, or on some county auditor’s websites and tax bills.
Health regulations must be abided by and required permits must be obtained before work can begin. Different localities require different things for their permits. Some municipalities require testing by the health inspector or independent lab testing, while others may not. Many steps of the construction and installation process may require inspection by the health inspector before continuing to the next step of the installation. It all just depends upon the area you live in. Thankfully, Len’s Excavating & Landscape has experience installing septic systems and storage tanks in many communities including Akron, Barberton, Cuyahoga Falls, the City of Green, Coventry, Fairlawn, New Franklin, Norton, Portage Lakes, Stow, Tallmadge and other surrounding Summit County communities. Unfortunately, we are not able to offer septic system installations in Stark County at this time.
Proper planning will also take into consideration the accessibility of parts and ease of maintenance. Maintenance personnel and equipment will need to have access to the system in the future. For example, many residential homes have their septic storage tanks pumped out at least once every three years. The trucks that are used to pump the contents out of the septic tank are large and very heavy. Heavy equipment, machinery, or other vehicles should never be driven over any part of the septic system, to avoid potential damage to the system and its parts. Therefore, equipment such as the septic pumping trucks will have to have an alternative path to access the septic system.
Also, the utility companies should be contacted. They can come to the property and mark where their lines are. The last thing anyone wants is to hit a water main, gas pipe, or underground electrical line while digging. The unaware excavator can easily be injured or even killed. If the safety risks involved weren’t enough, if damage is done to a utility line and the utility company was not notified of the digging prior to it being damaged, the homeowner may be responsible for the costs of repair.
Once the planning is done and the permits are obtained, then the real work can begin. Installing a septic tank will require a number of different tools and parts. Items such as tape measures, string, stakes, spray paint or ground markers will be needed to lay out the plan and prepare the site. Unfortunately, septic tank installation also requires much larger tools and heavy pieces of equipment, which may not be readily available to the average homeowner. The additional items needed for the job include a backhoe tractor, a trencher, lots of shovels, levels and rods, PVC, perforated pipes, glue and sealants, files, hand saws, fittings, embedment material, and a few more miscellaneous odds and ends.
There are 3 major parts of the septic system. They are the piping from the home that carries the waste and water to the septic tank, the septic tank itself where the contents are held, and the drainfield or leachbed where the waste water is emptied. Trenches must be dug in the dirt to lay down pipe lines that connect the septic system to the home, and the septic system to the leachbed.
Digging the right size hole for a septic tank can be a dangerous job. If you elect to dig the whole yourself, never work alone. Always have an observer onsite in case an accident or emergency should happen. Some soils can be loose or sandy. The types of soils that are not as compact may need supported while the hole is being dug to avoid collapsing in on itself. One can imagine the danger associated with working in and around holes dug in such loose soil conditions. After the hole is dug, the bottom of the hole must be leveled off before the tank can be installed. If the hole is not level or the slope of the soil is improper, it may cause the septic system to operate inefficiently. After installation, the tank should be inspected for damage. The tank needs to be watertight so that there is no chance of leaking and contaminating drinking water. After the tank has been inspected the pipes can be connected and sealed.
The leachbed, or designated area where the excess water will be taken will also have to be dug, connected to the pipes that flow from the septic tank, and a proper area will need to be created for effective, natural filtration of the expelled contents. Once all parts are connected, tested, and working, the septic system can then be covered by dirt, gravel, and any other needed materials or linings.
It is important that the septic system be sized properly, constructed properly, and maintained. That’s why Len’s takes care of all the work needed to get the job done, including obtaining proper permits, taking measurements and sizing, ordering supplies, and overall complete septic system and tank installation. We have the septic system to fit your home and meet your needs. If properly installed and maintained, a septic system is an efficient way of dealing with waste and can last for many years. For all of your septic system needs, septic system installation, septic system repair, or septic system maintenance,
call Len’s Excavating & Landscape in Uniontown, Ohio, or fill out a contact form.